America’s Civil War was fought from 1861-1865. The Confederacy—which initially consisted of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas—used a variety of weapons such as knives, swords and firearms, including those shown on the following slides.
Serviceable arms, regardless of age, were vitally needed during the opening months of the Civil War. In addition to firearms of modern design, shotguns, fowlers, hunting rifles, and even Revolutionary War-vintage flintlocks and percussion-conversion arms, such as this Brown Bess Charleville musket seen here, were carried into battle.
More than 200,000 Model 1860 revolvers were made from 1860 to 1873. This model ranks third in total number produced of all models of Colt percussion revolvers, and was the major revolver in use by U.S. troops during the Civil War.
This model of breechloading carbine was used by Florida troops in Confederate service. The Massachusetts Arms Co. Maynard carbine was invented by Dr. Edward Maynard, who was also responsible for developing the Maynard priming system that was used in the U.S. Model 1855 Rifle-Musket.
The Spiller & Burr revolver was patterned after the northern Whitney Navy revolver. Production facilities were initially set up in Richmond, Va., but were moved to Atlanta in 1862. By 1864, the Confederate government had taken over the company, and production continued at Macon, Ga., through the end of the war.
Approximately 1,000 pistols were manufactured for the use of South Carolina militia. This Palmetto Armory pistol was a direct copy of the US M1842 percussion pistol and bears William Glaze & Co., as well as South Carolina state markings, on the barrel.