The guns shown on the following slides represent some of those used in the American Revolution. The war spanned from 1775 to 1783 and saw the 13 colonies overthrow British rule and seize independence. Check out these firearms that helped make America free.
Despite their place of origin, long rifles were often named after what was then a hilly wilderness area called “Kentucky.” Long rifles were slow to load, but accurate at ranges beyond 150 yards. In contrast, the smooth-bore “Brown Bess” muskets used by British troops were quick to load, but were not effective at ranges greater than 80 yards.
These American-made muskets are copies of the British Brown Bess, having the same style of lock, stock and .75-caliber barrels with pinned mountings. Most Committee of Safety (colonial war council) muskets, such as this example, did not have their maker name on them if manufactured during wartime, since this was a treasonous act.
Although manufactured in France, this carbine bears “US” surcharge markings. Issued in 1776, it is one of only about 1,100 cavalry carbines that were sent to the colonies from France. Carried in leather slings at the side of horses, these two-banded weapons were very effective.